“It is not our differences that divide us. It is our inability to recognise, accept, and celebrate those differences.”
In today’s society, everywhere we look, we can see prejudice and we can feel discrimination. It is like a vicious dynamic that may occur between two parties. For instance, the older ones may discriminate the young ones, and vice-versa. Women are discriminated by men; the rich ones, the handsome ones, the healthiest ones will always have an advantage. Most of the times, prejudice and discrimination lead one to another.
Nonetheless, there is a difference to be made:
Discrimination refers to an unfair treatment addressed against someone. The basis of it varies from skin color, age, education, sexual orientation, religion, politics etc. Discrimination is a form of perception that discriminates someone, for example, someone’s perception of race is called racism. The attitude that leads to a discriminatory behavior is called prejudice. Usually, the prejudices are born from a negative attitude, however, there is also positive prejudice, which basically emphasizes the virtue of a group or person in the idea that they are more skillful than the rest.
Sociologists believe that we are not born with prejudice, is something we inherit from our context. We assert prejudice from the people that surround us. It is also said that people who are prejudiced against one racial or ethnic group also tend to be prejudiced against other groups.
In Europe, the neo-Nazis and the Ku Klux Klan base their existence on prejudice. They believe that race is extremely important, they think that white skin prevails.Another example of discrimination based on gender and race criteria can be noticed in everyday life is salary differences!
In the workplace, there is sometimes wage discrimination. It happens when an employer pays a woman less than a man for the same work.
Take a look at this table here:
We can see that wage inequalities occur based on gender and race lines. We can also see that men earn more than women on average, and Whites earn more money than Blacks and Hispanics regardless of gender.
In time, it seems like both the gender and ethnic wage gaps are becoming smaller. The growth in education levels or improved social policies could all be factors contributing to a decrease in salary inequalities.