Culture is the knowledge, language, values, customs, and material objects that are passed from person to person and from one generation to the next in a human group or society. Culture can be either material or nonmaterial. Material culture consists of the physical creations of society. Nonmaterial culture is more abstract and reflects the ideas, values, and beliefs of a society. A society is composed of people; a culture is composed of ideas, behavior, and material possessions. Society and culture are interdependent; neither could exist without the other. Although people throughout history have had to consume necessities such as food and water, in contemporary societies such as ours, consumption
Social identity relates to how we identify ourselves in relation to others according to what we have in common. Belonging to a group or being a member gives a sense of belonging and worth. One’s social identity can be categorized according to religion, where they are from, their political views, employment or even relationship. They could be unwontedly placed on a person due to ones behavior, for example, an alcoholic, a homeless person a drug addict. These along with many other roles, positions and behaviors all play a significant part in creating ones overall social identity.
Individuals’ social identities are clearly important to people across cultures. Collectivists are more likely than individualists to value their connectedness and interdependence with the people and groups around them, and their personal identities are tied closely with their social identities. People from collectivist culture are less likely than people from individualist cultures to show biases favoring their ingroups in order to boost their self-esteem. It isn’t the case that collectivists do not favor they ingroup at all. Rather, it’s that they are not as compelled to enhance their ingroup as a way of enhancing their own self-esteem.
In conclusion I want to say briefly that culture is the lifestyle of a group of people, and identity is the characteristic of a specific person. . Culture is what you are taught by the people around you and identity is what is yours.
Written by Zhana Gabechava